Job safety analysis(JSA) also referred to as job hazard analysis is the process that involves analyzing a given job in order to identify the risks involved and establish how to control them. In order to identify the most suitable recommendations for dangers that may be posed to a job at a given step, job safety analysis is conducted. In order to avoid problems brought about by various hazards in the place of work, it is important to identify the possible dangers.
There are a number of steps that one should follow when preparing a job hazard analysis. The steps involved in the job should first be identified. This helps you to clearly understand what the job is all about. Do not make the steps too detailed because this will make the job safety analysis quite burdensome. Secondly, one should identify the different types of hazards that may be associated with every step. In this step think of how every way that things could go wrong.
These hazards could be due to the people themselves, the environment or the materials they used when working. One may also consider looking into a number of other factors. They include, instructions from equipment manufacturer’s, legislation requirements and how past injuries occurred. For every hazard, controls are determined and this is what the third step involves. Controls are important because they help to either minimize the risk of injury or to completely deal away with the dangers.
From the three steps, it is possible to develop a good job safety analysis. The fourth step involves sharing your analysis with your workers. Review the JSA with your workers and help them understand every detail involved in it. This will create awareness and also help your workers to identify what is required of them. In this process the workers can also feel free to raise their concerns. By following this step then the JSA is likely to be effective.
New hazards may be brought about by changes in the working conditions and this should be adjusted accordingly and reviewed with the workers.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. Competent analysts guarantee one an efficient and effective job safety analysis. It is only with the help of a good JSA that costs that may be incurred due to damages caused by the hazards can be minimized or avoided. An effective JSA will give workers a sense of safety and through this they are able to work freely without fear of certain hazards thus their efficiency is increased.
In order to conduct an effective JSA, every organization should consider following the steps explained.